The value of early intervention
Early identification and early intervention leads to better outcomes in children with developmental impairments compared to interventions starting later in life. There is evidence from neurosciences which describe the importance of the early years ( also called golden period of development ) in achieving a healthy brain development. In other words environments that do not promote healthy development early in life will have a cumulative and ongoing negative impact on a child’s future outcome over the life course.
The various therapies
Speech and language therapy : aims to promote language and communication skills in children with speech delay. Can also help with stuttering or children whose speech is not very clear .
Occupational therapy : helps children who have difficulties when using their limbs in everyday activities that require dexterity ( also known as clumsy ) . This is in a sense their ‘’occupation’’ . For example like using a pencil to draw or write, button up their clothes , use a spoon . Some occupational therapists can also support children build their social communication skills and help children with sensory processing issues.
Physiotherapy : some children have weak or stiff muscles who impair their ability to use their body in certain core movements like walking or running. Physiotherapy involves activities that strengthen child’s muscle control and motor coordination.